By Illinois Integrated Justice Information System
The article attempts to identify precisely each type of privacy problem and describe how the problems are related to each other. In addition to the dignitary harms caused by breaches of privacy, Professor Solove discusses two of what he labels “architectural” problems. First, he explains that poor data management can make people more vulnerable to harm (i.e., injures to the individual’s dignity, person, or financial well-being). Second, he points out that a particular activity can upset the balance of social or institutional power in undesirable ways. The classic example of the latter problem is the chilling effect of various information-gathering activities.
Professor Solove’s four basic groups of activities are outlined below; his entire article, originally published in the University of Pennsylvania Law Review is attached.